Strabismus, or squint, is a condition where the eyes fail to maintain proper alignment and thus appear to be looking in two different directions. There are different types of strabismus, each of which is named according to the direction of the eye misalignment. For example, when one eye looks directly at the object while the other eye appears to be looking inward, this is esotropia. If the eye is looking outward, it is exotropia, while upward is hypertropia and downward is hypotropia. Strabismus is caused by malfunctioning extraocular muscles that serve to control eye movement. This may stem from anatomical or neurological disorders, or refractive errors that are left untreated for too long. Children with a family history of strabismus have a greater risk of developing the condition.
In adults, if the strabismus has suddenly occurred, this results in double vision. For young children, however, the brain learns to ignore the image from the misaligned eye. Nonetheless, the child then loses his or her distance and depth perception.
KMN EyeCare’s strabismus experts provide comprehensive eye examinations for patients with strabismus, and the subsequent treatment is decided by our specialists on a case-by- case basis. While some patients may only require glasses, patches, and exercises as treatment, others may require strabismus surgery.